* Bethe-Bloch theory [Bet30, Bet32, Bet34, Blo33, Blo33a]. Barkas Z^3 effect [Bar56, Bar63] and Bloch Z^4 effect [Blo33]. Mott correction to the Rutherford scattering cross section [Mot29, Ins09]. Improved ionisation potential, handling of porous substances, ranging out particles below energy cutoff [Fas97]. * Optional delta-ray production and transport with account for spin effects and ionisation fluctuations. The present version includes a special treatment [Fas97a] which combines delta-ray production with properly restricted ionisation fluctuations and includes corrections for particle spin and electrons/positrons and "distant collision" straggling corrections (similar to Blunck-Leisegang ones). Original approach making use of very general statistical properties of the problem. Within this framework "practical" solutions have been implemented into the code with very satisfactory results. This approach exploits the properties of the cumulants of distributions, and in particular of the cumulants of the distribution of Poisson distributed variables. * Shell and other low-energy corrections derived from Ziegler [Zie77]. * Ionisation potentials and density effect parameters according to Sternheimer, Berger and Seltzer [Ste84]. * Non-ionising energy losses (NIEL) [Sum95, Ins09] * Displacements Per Atom (DPAs) [Fas10] * Special transport algorithm, based on Molière's theory of multiple Coulomb scattering improved by Bethe [Mol48, Mol55, Bet53], with account of several correlations: - between lateral and longitudinal displacement and the deflection angle - between projected angles - between projected step length and total deflection * Accurate treatment of boundaries and curved trajectories in magnetic and electric fields * Automatic control of the step * Path length correction * Spin-relativistic effects at the level of the second Born approximation [Fer91a] * Nuclear size effects (scattering suppression) on option (simple nuclear charge form factors are implemented, more sophisticated ones can be supplied by the user) * Fano correction for heavy charged particle multiple scattering. * Single scattering: algorithm based on the Rutherford formula with a screening factor in the form used by Molière (for consistency with the multiple scattering model used by FLUKA), integrated analytically without any approximation. Nuclear form factors and spin-relativistic corrections at the first or second Born approximation level accounted for by a rejection technique. * Correction for cross section variation with energy over the step. * Bremsstrahlung and electron pair production at high energy by heavy charged particles, treated as a continuous energy loss and deposition or as discrete processes depending on user choice * Muon photonuclear interactions, with or without transport of the produced secondaries.
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