Last version:
FLUKA 2021.2.2, September 25th 2021
(last respin )
flair-2.3-0b 30-Jul-2021

News:

-- Fluka Release
( 25.09.2021 )

FLUKA 2021.2.2 has been released.
Fluka Release 30.07.2021 FLUKA 2021.2.1 has been released.
Fluka Major Release 18.05.2021 FLUKA 2021.2.0 has been released.
Congratulations from INFN: ,
Dear Paola,
I wish to congratulate you and all the authors and collaborators for this new Fluka release, which looks at the future and confirms the support of INFN in the development and continuous improvement of this code.
best regards
Diego Bettoni
INFN Executive Committee


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EMFFIX

Sets the size of electron steps corresponding to a fixed fraction of the total energy. The setting is done by material, giving as many EMFFIX definitions as needed. Only meaningful when the EMF option has been requested (explicitly or implicitly via option DEFAULTS).

See also EMF, FLUKAFIX, MULSOPT, STEPSIZE

     WHAT(1) = index or name of the material concerned

     WHAT(2) = maximum fraction of the total energy to be lost in a step
               Default: 20% (it is strongly recommended not to set higher
               than this value!)

     WHAT(3) = same as WHAT(1);  WHAT(4) = same as WHAT(2)

     WHAT(5) = same as WHAT(1);  WHAT(6) = same as WHAT(2)

     SDUM    = PRINT :  electron and positron dE/dx and maximum allowed step
                        tabulations for this material are printed
             = NOPRINT: tabulations are not printed (cancels any previous PRINT
                        request for the given materials)
             = blank:   ignored
             Default: NOPRINT

     Default (option EMFFIX not requested): the energy lost per step is 20% for
              all materials

Notes:

  • 1) The default provided (step length such that 20% of the energy is lost) is acceptable for most routine problems. In dosimetry problems and in thin-slab geometries it is recommended not to exceed 5-10%. For a detailed discussion of the step length problem, see [Fer91a].

  • 2) Related options are STEPSIZE, MCSTHRES, FLUKAFIX and MULSOPT (see). MCSTHRES and FLUKAFIX concern only heavy charged particles (hadrons and muons), while STEPSIZE applies to ALL charged particles (hadrons, muons and electrons). However, STEPSIZE defines the steplength in cm and by region, while EMFFIX relates the step length to the maximum allowed energy loss and is based on materials. STEPSIZE works also in vacuum and is adapted to problems with magnetic fields; if both options are used, the smallest of the two steps is always chosen. Note however that if a step required by STEPSIZE is too small for the Molière algorithm, multiple scattering IS turned off (contrary to what happens with EMFFIX). MULSOPT is very CPU-time consuming; however, it gives the highest accuracy compatible with the Molière theory. It is used rarely, mostly in low-energy and in backscattering problems.

Example (number based):

 *...+....1....+....2....+....3....+....4....+....5....+....6....+....7....+....8
 MATERIAL         13.    26.98     2.6989        3.        0.       0. ALUMINUM
 MATERIAL         82.   207.20      11.35        4.        0.       0. LEAD
 MATERIAL         29.    63.546      8.96       12.        0.       0. COPPER
 MATERIAL          6.    12.000      2.00       26.        0.       0. CARBON
 MATERIAL          7.    14.000    0.0012       27.        0.       0. NITROGEN
 MATERIAL          8.    16.000    0.0014       28.        0.       0. OXYGEN
 MATERIAL          1.     1.000    0.0001       29.        0.       1. HYDROGEN
 MATERIAL          0.       0.0    1.0000       30.        0.       0. TISSUE
 COMPOUND     5.57E-3      26.0  1.118E-3       27.  2.868E-2      28. TISSUE
 COMPOUND    6.082E-2      29.0        0.        0.        0.       0. TISSUE
 EMFFIX            3.      0.15        4.      0.15       12.     0.15
 EMFFIX           30.      0.05        0.        0.        0.       0. PRINT
 *    In this example, a maximum energy loss per step of 15% is requested
 *    for aluminium, copper and lead, while a more accurate 5% is requested
 *    for tissue

The same example, name based:

 MATERIAL         13.    26.98     2.6989       10.        0.       0. ALUMINUM
 MATERIAL         82.   207.20      11.35       17.        0.       0. LEAD
 MATERIAL         29.    63.546      8.96       12.        0.       0. COPPER
 MATERIAL          6.    12.000      2.00        6.        0.       0. CARBON
 MATERIAL          7.    14.000    0.0012        7.        0.       0. NITROGEN
 MATERIAL          8.    16.000    0.0014        8.        0.       0. OXYGEN
 MATERIAL          1.     1.000    0.0001        3.        0.       1. HYDROGEN
 MATERIAL          0.       0.0    1.0000        0.        0.       0. TISSUE
 COMPOUND     5.57E-3    CARBON  1.118E-3  NITROGEN  2.868E-2   OXYGEN TISSUE
 COMPOUND    6.082E-2  HYDROGEN        0.        0.        0.       0. TISSUE
 EMFFIX      ALUMINUM      0.15      LEAD      0.15    COPPER     0.15

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