CERN homepage INFN homepage
FLUKA: 7.13.2} Physics effects Previous Index Next

7.13.2} Physics effects

 Some physical effects are automatically activated, but only when certain
 default sets are in force (see option DEFAULTS), and can be switched on or off
 with appropriate commands. The command to simulate fluorescence is EMFFLUO,
 that for Rayleigh scattering and Compton binding corrections and Doppler
 broadening is EMFRAY, while for multiple scattering there are MULSOPT and
 MCSTHRESh which we have already introduced above. High-energy effects such as
 production of bremsstrahlung and electron pairs by heavy charged particles (in
 particular muons) are regulated by option PAIRBREM.

 A few physical effects need to be requested explicitly, whatever the defaults.
 These are photon polarisation (command POLARIZA), polarisation of pion, kaon
 and muon decays (command PHYSICS), photonuclear reactions (PHOTONUC), and muon
 hadronic interactions via virtual photons (MUPHOTON).

 In some cases, it is also possible to switch off some important effects to
 study the relative importance of different processes. Command THRESHOLd allows
 to set a lower energy limit for hadron elastic scattering and inelastic
 reactions, and EMFCUT does the same with various kinds of electron and photon
 interactions. The user must bear in mind, however, that results obtained
 suppressing effects which are critical for the development of the
 electromagnetic or hadronic cascade are unlikely to be physically correct.


Previous Index Next